RESOURCES

The following provides injury and illness resources for triathlon competitors and coaches worldwide


COMPETITION

The triathlon is of the most rigorous ultra-endurance sports in the world with thousands of individuals competing yearly. Avoiding injuries and illnesses during competition is vital to achieving optimal performance.
Common injuries and illnesses experienced during triathlon competition include, but are not limited to:

‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Dehydration
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Hyponatremia
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Gastrointestinal distress
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Muscle cramps

TRAINING

Triathlon training involves countless hours of swimming, cycling, running, and other training to prepare for competition. Avoiding injury during this time is critical to maximizing training benefits and competition performance.
Common injuries experienced during triathlon training include, but are not limited to:

‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Overuse injuries
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Tendonitis of the shoulder, patella, and Achilles
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Iliotibial band syndrome
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Stress fractures

NOURISHMENT

Providing the body with proper nourishment is critical during triathlon training and competition. Proper nutrient intake will provide superior muscle recovery and adaptation during training and greater energy availability during competition. Learning what your body’s needs are and practicing fueling these needs during training is vital to successful competition outcomes.

‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Macronutrient consumption
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Fluid intake
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Sleep quality and quantity‎
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Optimizing recovery

MEDICAL CARE

Injury is a common occurrence during triathlon training and competition. Being able to work around injuries during training and still accomplish training goals is crucial when approaching competition. Minimizing painful activities while increasing training volume in areas that do not trigger pain maximizes training benefits for an upcoming competition.
The following factors should be known and prepared for prior to competition:

‎‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Environmental factors
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Water temperature
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎‎+ Ambient temperature
‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎+ Fluid replacement requirements


Frequently Asked Questions


How do I safely begin triathlon training?

|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Team USA‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Triathlete Blog‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|
‎|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Triathlon Rules‎‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|

How do I get back into training after an injury?

|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Team USA‎ ‎ ‎‎ ‎ ‎ ‎| ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎‎ ‎ ‎Liv-cycling‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|‎
‎|‎ ‎ ‎‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Runner’s World‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎‎ ‎|

How do I sign up for a triathlon?

|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Trifind‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Trisignup‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|
|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎Ironman‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|

How do I continue training after a competition?

|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎‎‎ ‎EnduranceWorks‎ ‎ ‎‎ ‎ ‎|‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎‎Runner’sWorld‎ ‎ ‎ ‎ ‎|